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Dark marks, brown spots & more: hyperpigmentation, demystified.

My aim is to provide you with as much education as possible, to allow you to make the best possible choices with any facials or home skincare purchases. I want you to properly understand how your skin functions and make the best choices for your skin.

There are many people who are concerned about age spots, uneven skin tone and pigmentation.

Your skin cells create a brick wall formation. At the bottom, you have your mother cells which have the ability to duplicate and form new cells. All skin cells start at the bottom, move up through the layers of your skin and naturally shed.

Alongside the mother cells, we also have the Melanocytes Cells these cells create Melanin.

Melanin is what gives our skin colour. At the end of each Melanocytes Cell ‘finger’ is a receptor. When this receptor is stimulated the Melanocytes Cell responds by producing more Melanin (colour).

UV rays have the ability to penetrate the layers of our skin and stimulate the receptor and begin an enzyme driven reaction to produce Melanin. The Melanin moves up through the ‘fingers’ of the Melanocytes Cell and is then deposited into your skins cells where it sits almost as an umbrella over your skin cells. UV rays have the ability to cause free radical damage to your skin cells DNA so Melanin ‘umbrella’ acts as a defence feature from future UV damage.

If UV rays damage the DNA of a Melanocytes Cell it can cause the cell to behave erratically. If too much damage occurs to the Melanocytes Cell it can be ‘killed off’ this is why you may notice white patches on a more mature skin; the Melanocytes Cell is no longer actively functioning or producing Melanin.

Your receptors can be stimulated to produce Melanin by any of the following factors:

  1. UV rays

  2. Hormones

  3. Medications

  4. Pregnancy

  5. Inflammation (Acne, eczema, lupus and injury)

For that reason all of these listed factors have the ability to stimulate pigmentation; which make it one of the hardest skin concerns to effectively treat.

How does Vitamin A and Vitamin C play a role in the effective treatment of pigmentation?

Vitamin A is the only way to restore optimal function to your Melanocytes Cell. This is because Vitamin A is the only vitamin with the ability to repair your skin cell DNA. If we can repair cell DNA we can restore Melanocytes Cell function.

Via the supplementation and topical use of Vitamin A, we can improve your skin tones appearance and give you healthier-looking skin. Fortunately, pigmentation does not have a negative impact on your skins integral health, it can, however, make your physical appearance seem much older.

With topical Vitamin A use, there is always a chance of a retinol reaction. Reactions occur when your skin cells are already too damaged to absorb Vitamin A. So the Vitamin A surrounds the cell, this can irritate your skin cells and thus cause a retinol reaction.

To avoid retinol reactions we need to train your skin to absorb Vitamin A. We do this but starting off on a low level of topical Vitamin A and waiting for your skin to acclimatise to the Vitamin A before Stepping Up to a higher level of Vitamin A.

Once your skin becomes comfortable with Vitamin A levels we’re able to increases the levels of Vitamin A your skin is exposed to. The more Vitamin A we can encourage your skin cells to absorb, the more cell DNA can take place thus we can get your skin cells to function optimally.

Vitamin C is a skin care powerhouse? Topical Vitamin C is one of the most potent antioxidants available – and it lives up to the hype, effectively tackling the primary causes of premature ageing to give you brighter, firmer skin.

Here’s a breakdown of what a daily dose of Vitamin C can do for your skin!


Over time, intrinsic (natural) and extrinsic (environmental) factors cause structural changes in the skin, leading to uneven pigmentation. From UV-induced “age spots” to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Dark spots are no match for Vitamin C: it helps stop the causes of uneven pigmentation to effectively brighten skin.


Another major benefit of Vitamin C is that it renews skin’s surface. It boosts production of collagen to keep skin looking firm, helping to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.


This is where Vitamin C’s antioxidant properties really come into play. Vitamin C helps counteract the effects of oxidative stress and free radicals by neutralising damaging molecules. But – here’s the really exciting part – the latest research also shows that Vitamin C actually enhances your skin’s natural defence system, helping it to protect itself from oxidative stress.

Recommended Solutions

The perfect treatment for pigmentation is...

DMK Enzyme Treatments - more details

Micro-needling - more details

Chemical Peel - more details

CryoPen - more details

DermaluxFlex LED Light Therapy - more details

If you would like to purchase any of the recommended skincare please get in touch or head over to my online shop - SHOP HERE

Treating hyperpigmentation and post inflammatory hyperpigmentation definitely presents its challenges but on the bright side, both are treatable and preventable with the proper skin care regimen and a little patience. Remember that prevention is always easier than treating so invest a good regimen now to ensure you always have healthy and glowing skin . Sunscreen is your BFF and hats are essential when spending long days under harsh UVA and UVB rays. 

Be patient. There's no quick fix for an uneven skin tone. Traditionally it takes at least 30 days of vigilant skin care treatment before you see any progress. Successful, 75 percent skin brightening can take up to four months, so don't give up!

Kickstart your battle against brown spots by contacting me for a free virtual skin consultation where I can recommend a plan of action. Tying in a professional series of treatments, once I can reopen again. 07968777150



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